One of the most common questions for novice gardeners or those preparing a vegetable garden is when is considered a suitable time to fertilize and whether they can use the same fertilizer on both flowers and vegetables.
First of all, we always use organic and never chemical fertilizers. Organic fertilizers nourish and enhance soil microorganisms and their biological activity, which is essential for protection against diseases and insects, unlike chemical fertilizers which kill them.
Organic fertilizers, because they take time to break down in the soil, are good to apply in sufficient quantity now, at the beginning of winter, so that the soil is ready for spring and summer sowing.
If we are going to sow in the winter as well, then apply a light dose now and apply again before spring sowing another light dose. In the pots with plants, pour a little fertilizer, around the root.
Organic fertilizers that one can buy or collect are composted plant residues, earthworm compost (Worm humus), algae (cleaned of salt), raw minerals (phosphate and potash rocks), manure of herbivorous animals, mainly poultry (Guano), and also the ashes from the fireplace. Fertilizers with more nitrogen (N), such as compost and manure, are more beneficial to green plants and vegetables.
Fertilizers with more phosphorus (P), such as minerals, are beneficial for flowers and fruit set. Fertilizers such as algae and ash, which are high in potassium (K), especially help fruiting vegetables, such as tomatoes.
Finally, a balanced ratio of a variety of organic biofertilizers guarantees plant health and optimal fruiting performance.